Children diagnosed with Aspergers Syndrome are often described as having "high functioning autism.” People with Aspergers Syndrome have no general language delays or cognitive delays. In the 1990s the definition of Asperger's Syndrome was included in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV, 1994). According to the DSM, children with Asperger's Syndrome have:
The best intervention for Aspgergers is a combination of therapies that treat the three core symptoms: poor communication skills, obsessive or repetitive routines, and physical clumsiness. The earlier intervention can start the better it is for the person with AS.
The best therapies use a child’s interests, have a predictable schedule, breaks tasks down into a series of simple steps and teaches them one at a time, actively keeps a child engaged and positively encourages good behavior. All therapy programs are different, because each person is different. However, a typical intervention program may include occupational therapy, social skills training, cognitive behavioral therapy, medication for co-existing conditions, and other measures.What is the prognosis?
Many people with Aspergers Syndrome have learned to manage their challenges, but they may still find social situations and personal relationships difficult. Many adults with Aspergers Syndrome become successful in mainstream jobs, although they may continue to need encouragement and moral support to maintain an independent life.
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